Cloves are one of the highly prized spices widely recognized all over the world for its medcinal and culunary qualities .Syzygium aromaticum belongs to the family of myrtaceae of the genus syzygium native to Maluku  islands  of  Indonesia .Cloves are the unopened pink flower buds of the ever green clove tree .The buds are picked when they are pink and dried until they turn brown in color .The largest  producer of cloves   is Zanziber in east Africa .It is also grown commercially in the west Indies ,Srilanka ,Madagaskar ,India and Brazil.

Cloves are used in many traditional system of medicines like Ayurvedic system ,Chinese medicines ,herbal medicines and folk medicines .Cloves are  commonly known as cloves  , laung ,lavang in Hindi ,lavangam ,krambu in Tamil ,lavangalu in Telugu ,kariampo in Malayalam ,laving in Gujarati ,lobongo in Bengali ,long in Urudhu ,lavang in Marathi and Punjabi .

Cloves are having  many nutrients and other compounds like  vitamin A,B1 ,B2 ,B6 ,C,E and K ,potassium ,calcium ,iron ,choline ,betaine ,folates magnesium ,phosphorus ,selenium ,phytosterols ,protein ,carbohydrates ,antioxidants ,flavonoids amino acids , omega 3 fatty acids ,omega 6 fatty acids ,soluble , insoluble fibers  and other compounds like gallotannins ,triterpenes ,flavonoids and phenolic acid ,eugenol ,eugenol acetate ,caryophyllene  etc .

Cloves  are having  antioxidant ,anti septic ,local anesthetic ,anti inflammatory ,carminative ,anti flatulent ,worming and soothing properties .
- Cloves are popular in dentistry as a local anesthetic  and drugs due the presence of eugenol ,beta caryophyllene which have analgesic ,anti septic and anti inflammatory properties .Temporarily treat a tooth ache by dabbing a little clove oil on a cotton bail and placing it on the sore tooth or on your gums .
- Daily consumption of cloves can increase the insulin activity ,control the blood sugar levels and prevents type 2 diabetes .
- Relieves upper respiratory problems and also good for bronchitis ,tuberculosis ,sinusitis  and asthma .
- Reduce inflammation in the body parts because of its anti inflammatory property  ,good for arthritis and sore muscles .
-  Cloves promote  gastro enzymatic secretions and boost proper digestive functioning ,the decoction  is used to treat flatulence ,indigestion ,and constipation .
- Very good remedy for intestinal worms 
- It enhances the sexual health 
- Due to its anti microbial properties clove oil can treat skin problems like acne and warts .
- It enhances the body metabolism .
- It helps for proper blood circulation ,protects heart from cardiovascular diseases .
- Good  for sore throats , cold and coughs , clove oil is used in  sore throats sprays and mouth washes
- Good for blood coagulation because it contains a vitamin K .
- Excellent remedy for  flatulence ,vomiting ,dyspepsia ,motion sickness and hiccups 
-  It boosts immune system . 
- Good for kidney function 
- Clove oil is used in aromatherapy. 


The crunchy ,sweet  ,attractive and highly nutritious carrots are originally cultivated in central Asia ,middle Eastern countries and Europe .Now it is cultivated in world wide countries .China is the largest producer of carrots in the world .The name carrot come from the Greek word Karoton. Although varieties of carrots are available  throughout the year in the markets .It belongs to the umbelliferae family .Carrots are widely used in preparations of salads ,sweets ,soups ,curries ,jams ,jellies ,juices ,beauty products etc .

Carrots contains number of valuable  nutrients like vitamin A ,vitamin  ,B1 ,B 3 , B 6 ,B 12 ,vitamin C,E and k ,folates ,copper ,potassium ,sodium ,iron ,calcium ,zinc ,selenium ,dietary fiber ,molybdenum ,biotin ,pantothenic acid ,phosphorus ,carotenoids ,sugar ,antioxidants ,aminoacids and phytochemicals . 
Many research studies shows that daily intake of carrot juice will helps to
- Prevents  and destroy the precancerous cells in the tumors  because of its poly acetylene ,antioxidant falcarinol ,and anti cancer activity .
- Good vision and prevents eye related problems like cataract ,macular degeneration of eyes  because of its carotenoids like alpha carotene ,beta carotene  ,lutein , zeaxanthin and vitamin A content .
- Lowers the blood cholesterol levels because of its pectin content .
- Improves the  fertility in both men and women .
- Removes constipation and good for piles because of its fiber content .
- Maintain healthy skin and prevents dry skin ,psoriasis and other skin related problems because of its vitamin E content .
-Boost immunity and prevent infectious diseases because of its vitamin C content .
- Stimulate hair growth 
-  Gives glowing skin 
- Improves the brain function 
- Prevents tooth decay 
- Increase insulin secretion ,maintains and regulate the blood sugar levels .
- Good for asthma  and protects the respiratory  system from other infections and the free radicals .
- Very effective in dispelling mucus from the ear ,nose ,throat easing nasal congestion ,sinusitis ,phlegm and mucus in the throat and other similar disorders . 
- Prevent  ulcers , promotes good digestion and increase appetite .
- Eliminate the excess fluids from the body 
- Reducing the water retention  in the foot in  pregnant women .
- Great for weight reduction because it is low  in calories  and no fat .
-Protects heart from heart disease because it contains  antioxidants lycopene ,zeaxanthine  and xanthophyl .
- Balance the blood acidity ,because of its the vital organic alkaline elements in carrots .
-  Clears  the  stomach worms in children 
- Good for anemia 
- Detoxifying the liver because of its cleansing property .
- Good for kidney disease 
- Reduce high blood pressure 
- Remove weakness and tiredness . .
Add this highly nutritious carrots in your daily diet for healthy and long living .


Diabetes is a group of metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar. Diabetes is a degenerative metabolic disorder affecting the way our bodies used digested food for growth and energy.

History of diabetes:

The term diabetes is the shortened version of the full name diabetes mellitus. Diabetes -  is derived for Greek word ‘siphon’ which means pass through , mellitus - is derived for Latin word which means honey or sweet . This is because in diabetes excess sugar is found in blood as well as urine.Diabetes is first recorded in English in the year of 1425.Mr.Thomas added mellitus to the word diabetes in the year of 1675.The sweet taste has been noticed in urine by ancient Greeks, Chinese, Indians, Egyptians and Persians literature shows the evidence of this problem.Sushruta, Arataeus and Thomas wills were the early pioneers of the treatment of diabetes.At the time of 18th and 19th century Johan Peter Frank differentiated between the diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.

In 1910 Sir Edward Albert sharper Schafer found the diabetes resulted from lack of insulin.Insula means islands it denotes insulin producing islets of langerhans in the pancreas.Diabetes has been recognized as a distinct medical condition for at least 3500 years. Globally as of a 2013 estimation around 382 million people have diabetes world-wide with type 2 diabetes.The stage before diabetes is called pre-diabetes. Impaired glucose tolerance is a condition where your blood sugar levels are higher than the normal levels.People those who have pre- diabetes are at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on their life.

Normal levels of glucose in the blood:

Fasting plasma glucose levels 120-130 mg/dl.
Postprandial plasma glucose levels 180-200 mg/dl.
(Plasma glucose levels after 2 hours of a normal meal)
If plasma glucose levels are more than normal levels it is called hyperglycaemia.
If plasma glucose levels are less than normal levels it is called hypoglycaemia.
Hypoglycaemia can be dangerous if neglected.
Causes of hypoglycaemia are over dose of insulin or anti diabetic medications, skipping or delaying meal, too much of exercise, illness, incorrect timing of insulin or tablets, excess alcohol intake.
Symptoms like excess hunger, sweating, shivering, palpitation, weakness, nervousness, tremors, giddiness, blurred vision, change in mental status. This symptoms may be followed by fainting if not treated this symptoms may differ from person to person and time to time.
If the symptom is mild taken any food or drink that is readily available .Take sugar or glucose if the symptom is very severe.

Pancreas is an oblong flattened gland located deep in the abdomen .The pancreas is about 6 inches long and sits across the back of the abdomen behind the stomach .It is the largest mixocrine gland in the body that is it will do both exocrine and endocrine functions .pancreas contains special type cells producing  region called islets of langerhans.
It contains three types of cells like alpha, beta and delta. Alpha cells produce hormone called glucagon which converts the glycogen into glucose .This helps to increase the sugar level in the blood. Beta cells secrete hormone called insulin .which converts glucose into glycogen .This helps to maintain the normal blood sugar level in the body. Delta cells secrete hormone called somatostatin which helps to stop the excess production of insulin and glucagon.
There are three main types of diabetes
              .Type 1 diabetes
              Type 2 diabetes
                Gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is an auto immune disease that means the body’s immune systems mistakes its own cells for invading pathogens that need to be destroyed .In this type of diabetes where the pancreas produces very little insulin or no insulin at all. This type of diabetes is called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes .people under the age of twenty will suffer from this type of diabetes.


  •  Due to the problems of genetic cells  the functions of pancreas  will get affected and stop functioning
  •  Viral infection in pancreas.
  • Chronic pancreatitis (is a condition which causes inflammation of the pancreas).
  • Pancreatectomy – surgical removal of pancreas.
  • Pancreatic cancer.


  •  Polyuria (Frequent urination)
  • Polydipsia(increase thirst )
  •  Polyphagia(increase hunger)
  • Weight loss.
  • Blurred vision
  • irritability
  • Dry tongue
  • Dry skin.
  • Itching private spots.
  •  Burning pain in hands and feet.
  •  Numbness in hands and feet.
  • Giddiness.
  • Non healing ulcers.
  • Sunken eye balls.
These symptoms may develop rapidly in type 1 diabetes.

Frederick Banting discovered insulin in (1921-1922) for treating diabetes.
Insulin from cattle and pigs was used for many years to treat diabetes and saved millions of life.
The first genetically engineered synthetic human insulin was produced in 1978 by using E.coil bacteria to produce insulin.
Humalog is modified human insulin and it was approved by the food and drug administration in 1996.
There are three types of human insulin

  • Regular insulin
  • Ultra rapid action insulin.
  • Ultra long activity insulin.
Insulin is very effective and helpful for treating type 1 diabetes .It must be managed with insulin injections only.


The pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cells do not properly use insulin (insulin resistance). This diabetes is called non insulin dependent diabetes.


  • Life style
  • Over weight.
  • Lack of exercise
  • Un healthy diet
  •  Age
  • Gastro intestinal problem
  • Thyroid problem
  • Certain drugs.
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Glucagonoma- is a condition in which the body produces too much of hormone glucagon.
  • Cushing syndrome – a condition characterised by excess production of cortisol.
  • Pancreatic cancer.


  • Polyuria (Frequent urination)
  • Polydipsia(increase thirst )
  • Polyphagia(increase hunger)
  • Weight loss.
  • Blurred vision
  • Irritability
  • Dry tongue.
  • Dry skin.
  • Itching private spots.
  • Burning pain in hands and feet.
  •  Numbness in hands and feet.
  • Giddiness.
  • Non healing ulcers.
  • Sunken eye balls.

These symptoms may develop slowly in type-2 diabetes.


It occurs in women during pregnancy this will disappear after pasturation .This type of diabetes is due to inadequate secretion  of insulin or insulin resistance (body cells are not responding to the insulin) .Those women who have this type of diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Nearly 4% of women develop gestational diabetes mostly during the 2 trimester of pregnancy.


  • The risk of long term complications will develop after many years (10-20 yrs).
  • Damage to the blood vessels.
  • Cardio vascular disease.
  • Macro vascular disease like stroke.
  • Peripheral vascular disease.
  • Damaging eyes (retinopathy)
  • Diabetic retinopathy damage to the blood vessels in the retina of the eyes can result in gradual vision loss and potentially blindness.
  • Blindness
  • Cataract
  • Damage to the kidneys (diabetic nephropathy)
  • Damage to the kidney is known as diabetic nephropathy can lead to scarring urine protein loss, chronic kidney disease.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Damage to the nerves (diabetic neuropathy)
  • Damage to the nerves in the body is known as diabetic neuropathy. It is the most common complication of diabetes. The symptoms include numbness, tingling pain, altered pain sensation which can damage to the skin.
  • Diabetes related foot problems :
  • Diabetic foot ulcers may occur and can difficult to treat, painful muscle wasting and weakness.
  • Boils, ulcers, carbuncles.
  •  Fungal infections
  •  Alternative diarrhoea.
  • Obstinate constipation
  • Diabetic dermadromes – skin rashes.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis:
  • Nausea, regurgitation, abdominal pain, smell of acetone breath, deep breathing dehydration, decreased level of consciousness.
  • Coma.
After diagnosing a diabetes one should take proper medicines for controlling and keeping the normal sugar levels in the blood. Proper diet and regular exercise will be needed to control blood sugar levels. There are lots of medications are available for treating diabetes.


Certain vitamins and mineral supplement have proven to be very effective in controlling diabetes. Supplementation of chromium will decrease the glucose level in blood and increase the glucose tolerant factor.
Magnesium supplements will prevent the complications of diabetes such as retinopathy and heart diseases.
Supplementation of vitamin C will improve the immunity power and give strength to the body.
Supplementation of vitamin B12 is necessary for avoiding diabetic neuropathy. Omega 3 fatty acids will lowers the   tri-glycerides, co-enzyme Q10 stimulate the production of insulin.
 Zinc helps in production of RBC.


High dietary fibre food stuffs like greens especially moringa greens, fenugreek ,valarai, curry leaves, corrinader leaves, mint leaves, spanich,  celery, turmeric, fenugreek seeds, cinnamon, cumin seeds, olive seeds, green tea, sprouted grams ,banana stem, banana flower.
Vegetables like beans, cluster beans, cucumber, onion, garlic, bitter gourd, ivy gourd, tomato, capsicum, black beans, and blue corn.
Fruits like jamun fruit, kiwi fruit, passion fruit, lemon, amla, papaya, black berries, blue berries, and tart cherries.
Nuts like walnuts, almond.
Pulses like peas, Bengal gram, horse gram, soya bean varieties.

Some herbs:

  • Costus igneus
  • Gymnema sylvestre
  • Syzygium jambolanum
  • Senna auriculata

These are the very effective herbs to treat diabetes.


Nowadays type 2 diabetes is being a common disease. We should check our blood sugar level periodically after 35 years .Main causes of type 2   diabetes is lack of exercise, intake of high calorie food and being a over-weight .Type 2 diabetes is reversible one .For that you have to take low calories, fibre rich and nutritious diet .Following diet will help the type 2 diabetes patients get reversible.
You should fallow this diet for 10 to 14 days this diet will surely bring blood sugars normal and get reversed from type 2 diabetes.                                 


6:00 AM  
Chew 2 leaves of Costus igneus (Or) insulin plant with empty stomach.
6:30 AM          
1 glass of lime juice adds with 2 ml of honey   prepare with hot water) or 1 cup of green tea or hibiscus tea (or) 100 ml of skimmed (without sugar).
8:00 AM        
1 cup of oats porridge with one cup of boiled mixed vegetables .( beans ,cluster beans ,broad beans ,bitter gourd ,ivy gourd , spinach ,drumstick leaves ,ladies finger ,banana flower ,banana stem )4 pieces of walnuts(or)almonds.
11:00 AM
1 cup of tomato juice or 1 cup of orange juice (or) 1 cup of carrot juice (without sugar) (or) 1 cup of butter milk with 30 grams of germinated peas.
12:30 PM     
small size chapattis - 2  with  1 cup of  vegetable salads( cucumber ,onion ,radish ,cabbage ,celery ) with guava fruit or kiwi fruit or apple  (50grams ).
4:00 PM      
1 cup of tea (prepared with skimmed milk, without sugar) with 30 grams of boiled channa.
7:30 PM
2 idly with coriander chutney  ( or ) garlic chutney  ( or) curry leaves chutney  ( or ) small onion chutney .( use only olive oil ) with one small piece of papaya (or) 4-5 numbers of  jamun fruits (or)30 grams of grapes(or)2 pieces of dates.
10:00 PM
100 ml of skimmed milk (without sugar).


In homeopathic system number of medicines are available for treating diabetes .Homeopathy is a very excellent alternative remedy for treating diabetes, it can reverse the diabetes without any side effects. Some important homeopathic medicines can reverse the diabetes.

Acidum phosphoricum, gymnema sylvestra, arsenicumbromatum, Syzygium jambolanum, murexpurpurea, sanicula, helonias dioica, calcarea phosphoric, uranium nitricum and iodium.

Yogasanas for diabetes:

Yogasanas and pranayama are very good methods for controlling diabetes.
Yogasanas like dhanurasana, bhujangasana, paschimottanasana, sarvangasana, mayurasana, matsyasana, eka padasana and chakrasana.
These asanas will stimulate the beta cells in the pancreas and secrete more insulin and this will regulate the functions of pancreas and digestive system.
If these asanas are done regularly it will prevent diabetes.

Treatment plans include:

  • Self-monitoring of blood glucose level
  • Exercise and diet guidelines
  • Oral medications and/or insulin
  • Target HbA1c level should be as close to 7 percent as possible
  • Regular checks
             Every three months: HbA1c, feet, and height, weight and blood pressure should be checked, along with a physical examination for complications of diabetes.
    At least once a year, patients should have a diabetes education review, an eye exam, a lipid profile (cholesterol - HDL, LDL; triglycerides), kidney tests (creatinine, urine protein, and microalbumin), a peripheral nerve test, and a treadmill test or ECG.


  • Maintain normal body weight
  • Do regular exercise like walking, cycling, swimming for 40 minutes per day.
  • Do above said yogasanas daily
  • Stress free life.Take low calories foods like fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid junk foods
  • Take more amount of fibre rich foods.